The History of the Internet

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Vannevar Bush envisioned the memex as a device in which individuals would compress and store all of their books, records, and communications.


Sputnik 1

By launching the first satellite, Sputnik 1, the USSR shocked the USA. It was a key event in the history of the Internet because it spurred a series of U.S. initiatives.

darpa building icon


Due to the “Sputnik crisis” the US government established, among others,  the NASA and a not so famous agency: DARPA

Intergalaktikus hálózat

Intergalactic Computer Network

J.C.R Licklider published his idea about a global computer network. In his network concept anyone from anywhere can share information with others.

NLS - oN-Line System


Inspired by memex, Doug Englebart developed the NLS to improve the way we store and organize information. He demonstrates a numerous new technologies: the computer mouse, bitmapped screens, hypertext, etc.

Interface Message Processor

IMP – The first “router”

The IMP was necessary for an undisturbed connection among computers.



A milestone in the history of the Internet. DARPA developed the first network between three universities and a research center.


First email

Ray Tomlinson implements the first email system on the ARPANET He uses first the @ sign to separate the user from their machine.

World map silhouette

Intercontinental connection

Between the ARPANET and the University College London. In this year email composing 75% of all ARPANET traffic.



Bob Kahn and Vint Cerf created a protocol, the universal “language” of the Internet. They use the term internet first, as a shorthand for “internetworking.”


Elisabeth II sends an email

Elisabeth II, Queen of the United Kingdom, sends out an email from the center of Royal Signals and Radar Establishment in Malvern.

email spam


Earliest documented spam was a message advertising the availability of a new model of DEC computers sent by Gary Thuerk to 393 recipients on ARPANET.



Usenet was the first worldwide distributed Internet discussion system. It is the ancestor of today’s Internet forums.



It wasn’t the first Personal Computer, but it was – for a long time – the best-selling PC. By the end of 1982 IBM was selling a PC every minute of the business day.

Emoticon, smile

First emoticon

19-Sep-82 11:44 | From: Scott E. Fahlman / I propose that the following character sequence for joke markers: :-) Read it sideways. Actually, it is probably more economical to mark things that are NOT jokes, given current trends. For this, use :-(


TCP/IP became the standard

On January 1, 1983, known as flag day, TCP/IP protocols became the only approved protocol on the ARPANET.

Apple's First Macintosh

Apple Macintosh

Graphical user interface, icons, desktop, mouse and keyboard, it was a user friendly computer. The sales of the Macintosh were strong from its initial release and reached 70,000 units on May 3, 1984.

Domain nevek

Domain names

Domain Name System introduced. Domain names serve as humanly memorable names for Internet participants, like computers, networks, and services. The first domain name was



It was an utility tool. It can be seen as the digital version of Bush's memex, or the first browser without Internet connection.



After being forced out of Apple, Steve Jobs founded NeXT Computer. Tim Berners-Lee used a NeXTcube as a server for the first web page in the world.


World Wide Web

By Christmas 1990, Berners-Lee had built all the tools necessary for a working web: the first web browser (which was a web editor as well); the first web server; and the first web pages, which described the project itself.

Első webkamera


The first developed webcam was pointed at the Trojan Room coffee pot in the Cambridge University Computer Science Department.

Mosaic böngésző

Mosaic browser

The first user friendly web browser, which popularized the World Wide Web. It was able to display images embedded in the text rather than in a separate window.

Internet Radio

Internet radio

Carl Malamud launched the first computer-radio talk show, each week interviewing a computer expert. In November 1994, Rolling Stones concert was the “first major cyberspace multicast concert.”

Search Engine

Search engine

The WebCrawler was the first Web search engine to provide full text search. Before that, search engines indexed the titles and the file names only. Later Google improved the search results by using PageRanks.



The commercialization of the web. Among others, the Echo Bay (later eBay) and Amazon was launched.


10.000.000+ Web user

The World Wide Web has more than 10 million users. In this year W3C was founded to take over CERN’s role.